Mauricio Pérez Martínez

Mauricio Pérez Martínez was an indigenous rights defender and leader of the Hitmü people in Arauquita. He was the governor of the la Vorágine reservation and lived in the community of La Ilusión.  He was working on a project to strengthen and protect the reservation which was being coordinated by the central government, the Human Rights Ombudsman and the Attorney General of the state.

On the 5 August, 2020 a group of 10 armed men arrived on the reservation at 7am in the morning and identified themselves as members of a dissident part of the FARC, the “Décimo Frente Martín Villa de las FARC-EP.” They dragged Mauricio out of his house and shot him dead. They then pinned a leaflet to his body threatening the whole community.

In June 2021 Gerardo Anija Guarupe, aka Gerardo or El Indio,was stopped by a military patrol and found to be carrying a FARC uniform. He was been arrested and charged with rebellion and involvement in the murder of Mauricio.

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Date of Killing:05/08/2020

Type of Work:Community leader

Organisation:Resguardo La Voragine del Pueblo Hitnü, proceso de Fortalecimiento y acompañamiento en Gobierno Propio que adelanta la oficina conjuntamente con la Defensoría del Pueblo y el acompañamiento de la Procuraduría Regional de Arauca

Sector or Type of Rights the HRD Worked On:ESC Rights

Sector Detail:Indigenous Peoples' Rights, Land Rights, Peasant Communities

More information:Front Line Defenders

1This database records an individual's chosen gender identity. If they do not self-identify as male or female they can use the option of recording other/neither or use the term NBGI (non binary gender identity).