Mykola Bychko

Mykola Bychko was a 23-year-old HRD involved in environmental advocacy, particularly in fighting the pollution of local reservoirs by the AVA Service 2017 share company and other industrial enterprises. He administered the Eskhar youth initiative group‘s Facebook group, and according to Roman Likhachov, Head of the Chuhuiv Human Rights Group, he was planning to create his own NGO.

Together with the youth initiative group, Mykola had managed to get an environmental commission created. He was found hanged in the forest close to his home town on 5 June, 2018 in circumstances strongly suggesting that this was a murder disguised as a suicide. Mykola was buried on 8 June, after a service in the local church (which the Orthodox Church would not normally allow if a person was believed to have committed suicide).  There were hundreds of people present.

Human rights activists joined local residents of the township of Eskhar (Kharkiv Oblast) in demanding a proper investigation into the death of 23-year-old activist Mykola Bychkho.  Those who knew him dismiss the police conclusion that Mykola committed suicide, and suspect that his death is linked with the active role he played in fighting corruption and pollution of the local reservoir by an industrial business with links to the town’s Mayor.

Likhachov believes that there has been a brazen and cynical attempt to make the young man’s death look like suicide. A lawyer representing Bychko’s family criticized the local police for ignoring the possibility that the death was an intentional killing and accused them of intentionally delaying the investigation. The lawyer told Freedom House that police lost relevant evidence from the site where Bychko’s body was found, such as the rope with which he was hanged. The authorities have also not pursued reports that Bychko had received threats related to his documentation work, for example by questioning people linked to the waste treatment plant.

Bychko’s mother approached the police on 5 June, reporting that her son had gone out at 16.30 the previous day and had not returned.  A police search unit was sent out, and at around 20.00, Mykola’s body was found in a forested area not far from the railway tracks.  The police asserted that there had been no sign of violence, with a forensic examination apparently confirming their conclusion that the young activist had committed suicide.

A homicide investigation was initiated, but this would likely have been a mere formality had it not been for the reaction of local residents and human rights activists.

On 7 June, around 200 Eskhar residents took part in a march, blocking the road, to the prosecutor’s office and police department in neighbouring Chuhuiv.  Representatives of the Chuhuiv prosecutor’s office came out to meet them, and were taken by the crowd to the place where Bychko’s body was found.  The enforcement officers were forced to agree to carry out a repeat examination of the circumstances of his death, though this is now, unfortunately, likely to be more difficult.  The Kharkiv Anti-Corruption Centre points out that valuable time has been lost, and asserts that some evidence, such as part of the rope that Bychko was hanging from,, has been destroyed.

The Prozorro website reports that AVA Service 2017 has received three contracts from the Eskhar Township Council worth over half a million UAH.  All of these were without open tenders having been held.  This was doubtless linked to the fact that one of the owners of AVA Service 2017 is Serhiy Lehkosherst, whose brother, Anatoly was until this week the Head of the Eskhar Council.  Under pressure from angry Eskhar residents following Bychko’s death, Anatoly Lehkosherst handed in his resignation, as did his deputy and the head of communal services.

The news of Mykola’s death came just hours after a serious, though not fatal, knife attack on Vitaly Ustymenko, an Odesa Automaidan activist and member of the Civic Council overseeing the work of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau [NABU].

More than 50 attacks on activists and human rights defenders in Ukraine were recorded by local human rights organizations between January and October of 2018, per a joint statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Freedom House and Front Line Defenders.


Taken from the report by Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group (KhPG) and the joint statement mentioned above.

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Region:Europe & Central Asia





Date of Killing:05/06/2018

Previous Threats:Yes

Type of Work:Social leader

Organisation:Eskhar Youth Initiative

Sector or Type of Rights the HRD Worked On:ESC Rights

Sector Detail:Abuse of power/corruption, Environmental Rights, Extractive industries/Mega projects

More information:Front Line Defenders

1This database records an individual's chosen gender identity. If they do not self-identify as male or female they can use the option of recording other/neither or use the term NBGI (non binary gender identity).

URLs (links) of Interest
Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group (KhPG)
Amnesty International, Front Line Defenders, Human Rights Watch, Freedom House
Ukraine Weekly
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